1.Distinguish between these theoretical perspectives: behaviorist, nativist, cognitive developmentalist, and interactionist (be specific).
- Name the theorist-researcher associated with each perspective
3.What are the implications of each theory for an early childhood education classroom?
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- Behavior theorists define learning as the acquisition of new behavior based on new environmental conditions of the learner.Theorists who abide by the behaviorist perspective identify conditioning as a universal learning process each producing separate behavior patterns:
Classical conditioning which happens when a natural reflex responds to a stimulus. A specific stimulus will produce a specific response. An example of this would be when a student shows certain irrational fears such as fear of failure or fear of public speaking.
Operant conditioning which is a feedback system: If a reward or punishment follows the resposnse to a stimulus then the response becomes morer likely in the future. Example: B.F. Skinner (behaviorist) used these techniques to teach pigeons to dance and bowl in an alley.
The nativist perspective argues that humans are biologically programmed to gain language. Nativist theorist Noam Chomsky theorized that all humans have a language acquisition device which contains knowledge of grammatical rules that every language possesses. This device (LAD) allows …
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